Post by Walking Owl on May 27, 2009 23:02:09 GMT -5
This may not look like Eugenics, but it seems strange that a huge amount of incentive has been provided to attract safely located but poor citizens to high risk locations. =============================================== 2 Studies Tie Disaster Risk to Urban Growth
A pair of new studies say that more people than ever lie in harm’s way from earthquakes, droughts, floods and other disasters, largely because of a surge in urban populations in developing countries.
Smaller or poorer countries can be devastated by disasters that are relatively inconsequential in places shielded by size or wealth, said one of the reports, a United Nations study that is being released Sunday in Bahrain.
That study, the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction, compared the impact of cyclones in the Philippines and Japan, for example. While more people in Japan are exposed to cyclones, the estimated annual death toll from such storms is 17 times higher in the Philippines, the study said.
Yet the report’s authors concluded that the level of vulnerability does not always mirror economic conditions, with high rates of disaster losses seen in a mix of developing countries with growing or weak economies.
Post by Walking Owl on May 29, 2009 19:37:20 GMT -5
May 24, 2009
Billionaire club in bid to curb overpopulation America's richest people meet to discuss ways of tackling a 'disastrous' environmental, social and industrial threat
SOME of America’s leading billionaires have met secretly to consider how their wealth could be used to slow the growth of the world’s population and speed up improvements in health and education.
The philanthropists who attended a summit convened on the initiative of Bill Gates, the Microsoft co-founder, discussed joining forces to overcome political and religious obstacles to change.
Described as the Good Club by one insider it included David Rockefeller Jr, the patriarch of America’s wealthiest dynasty, Warren Buffett and George Soros, the financiers, Michael Bloomberg, the mayor of New York, and the media moguls Ted Turner and Oprah Winfrey.
These members, along with Gates, have given away more than £45 billion since 1996 to causes ranging from health programmes in developing countries to ghetto schools nearer to home.
WealthyDeserveLife =============================================== Remember - Poverty and the afflicted are always the thin edge of the wedge to coat the eugenics pill in a sweet coating of 'humanitarian" do gooding.
Once the concepts are made socially acceptable... it is but a small matter to gradually open the criteria to include more and more 'candidates'.
It is inevitable though... It is the plan, always was the plan and they have the resource and time to execute their will.
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 1, 2009 12:16:11 GMT -5
The Corruption of Science DateSunday, May 31, 2009 at 9:03PM
By Timothy Birdnow
Academic pressures and political idealogy are corrupting the integrity of the modern science establishment.
Our modern world is dependent on the quality and veracity of science. Where once Mankind looked to religion for guidance, the modern world looks to science to answer questions and guide our behavior. Public policy is predicated on the findings of the scientific community, and the integrity of that community is vitally important if we are to maintain our civilization and way of life. But can we rely on science in this hyper-partisan world, where Liberals seek to subvert any “good crisis” to gain a political advantage? Can we rely on what the oracles are telling us, or have they been compromised?
Physorg has a piece about deliberate fraud in scientific data. Below is an excerpt:
“It’s a long-standing and crucial question that, as yet, remains unanswered: just how common is scientific misconduct? In the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE, Daniele Fanelli of the University of Edinburgh reports the first meta-analysis of surveys questioning scientists about their misbehaviours. The results suggest that altering or making up data is more frequent than previously estimated and might be particularly high in medical research.
Recent scandals like Hwang Woo-Suk’s fake stem-cell lines or Jon Sudbø’s made-up cancer trials have dramatically demonstrated that fraudulent research is very easy to publish, even in the most prestigious journals. The media and many scientists tend to explain away these cases as pathological deviations of a few “bad apples.” Common sense and increasing evidence, however, suggest that these could be just the tip of the iceberg, because fraud and other more subtle forms of misconduct might be relatively frequent. The actual numbers, however, are a matter of great controversy.”
The dirty little secret is that science has always had this sort of behavior, and sometimes it is caught (Piltdown Man, Cold Fusion, Michael Mann`s “hockey stick”), and sometimes it isn`t. There is immense pressure on scientists to produce results, to publish, to seek glory, or just to get tenure. Scientists are human beings, after all, and sometimes they approach their field with preconceptions or biases. Politics certainly comes into play; consider eugenics in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century, or eugenics in Nazi Germany. Consider Hitler`s refusal to allow Einsteinian relativity to be used in the Nazi heavy water experiments. This whole thing accelerates when government becomes the primary funder of all things science, and the latter 20th and early 21st centuries have seen the enslavement of science by government funds. It should come as no surprise to find that many researchers cheat to get a leg up on the competition-and to get more from the public trough.
That is why we have witnessed such a politicization of science in recent years, and why a good deal of “science” is fraudulent. Michael Mann`s “hockey stick” climate graph is a classic example, but hardly the only one.
How about Professor Wei-Chyung Wang of New York State-Albany? Seems he coauthored two papers; Wang W.-C., Zeng Z., Karl T.R. (1990), Urban heat islands in China, Geophysical Research Letters, 17: 2377-2380 and Jones P.D., Groisman P.Y., Coughlan M., Plummer N., Wang W.-C., Karl T.R. (1990), Assessment of urbanization effects in time series of surface air temperature over land, Nature, 347: 169-172. It turns out that DR. Wang (a noted climate alarmist) made the following statements:
“The stations were selected on the basis of station history: we chose those with few, if any, changes in instrumentation, location or observation times.” [Jones et al.]
“They were chosen based on station histories: selected stations have relatively few, if any, changes in instrumentation, location, or observation times.” [Wang et al.]
But it turns out that the Department of Energy and Chinese Academy of Science, which oversees the stations both in the U.S. and China, reported that of the 84 selected stations only 35 had a history report in DOE records and of those 35 at least half had been moved. It appears that Wang falsified his data.
Let us not forget Woo Suk Hwang`s famous cloning breakthrough that turned out to be fake.
Or this gem:
“The latest deception was discovered by Camilla Stoltenberg, a director of epidemiology at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in Oslo, who was catching up on her literature reading over Christmas. Sudbø’s paper claims to analyse a public-health database and show that taking anti-inflammatory drugs can reduce the incidence of mouth cancer (J. Sudbø et al. Lancet 366, 1359-1366; 2005). “I was surprised because it refers to the Cohort of Norway, for which I am responsible,” Stoltenberg says. She knew that this could not have been the source of the lifestyle data as the paper claimed.”
(I find it interesting that so much of this fraudulent science occurs in climatology and life sciences-two highly politicized fields. Also, there is just poor research-see the report by Anthony Watts on the NOAA temperature stations at
Science seems to be becoming an arm of the political establishment-especially the leftist establishment which, after all, controls academia and the press. What happened to Guillermo Gonzalez, say, for bucking the establishment viewpoint? Gonzalez was a well-regarded astronomer who was denied tenure at Iowa State University for appearing in a documentary arguing against Darwinism and the materialistic/atheistic viewpoint. A radical atheist at ISU launched a crusade against Gonzalez, and a frightened University buckled, denying the astronomer tenure; essentially firing him. Or Richard Sternberg who was forced out of the Smithsonian for allowing a paper on Intelligent Design to be published (if this is about science, then allow the paper to be seen, reviewed, and fall of it`s own weight rather than blacklist it). We have seen scientists call for revocations of meteorological certifications for not believing in Global Warming, for instance. We have watched James Hansen bluster and cry while the data coming from his Goddard Institute has been on a number of occasions erroneous in favor of his pet theory. We have seen the publication of books claiming that George Bush and “the Right” have been conducting “a war on science” which apparently entails challenging the pronunciations of “mainstream” scientists like Al Gore.
Strange. Science is whatever the party line says it is. Those who challenge junk science are often accused of being radical Christians, George Bush robots, or anti-rationalists. Those who accept ever word out of every “approved” scientists mouth is accepting the truth.
And this is not just a point of academic interest; we`ve had terrible public policy as a result of bad science. Consider the Alar scare which hurt fruit growers. Consider the banning of DDT, which has lead to the deaths of millions in Africa from malaria. Consider the bad science that has stopped the development of a nuclear industry in the United States. Global warming is the latest scare, based on atrocious science that does not stand up to scrutiny, yet Congress and the Obama Administration are prepared to implement Cap-and-Trade, to fundamentally restructure the economy and impose all manner of government restrictions. How many will die in the Third World as a result of a slowing economy? How many will die from automobile accidents that would have simply bent their fenders, but now are lethal thanks to the new CAFE standards? How much blood are we going to trade for oil? This stems from bad policy created as a result of bad or fraudulent science.
But science is about testing “accepted truth”, about verifying and double-checking. The modern scientific community seems less than willing to challenge when a politically favored theory is being questioned-or where money is involved. Science has become a whoredom, filled with partisans, money seekers and scoundrels.
We should careful about what we accept these days.
Well... I like the sentiment of mainstream suspicion about the new owners of the Grail/Ark uber sciences and the growing obvious application of them. I have been chided for years about my suspicions in this same regard...
How can it be an agenda? I was told not asked.
However... I need to wonder now, if they (mainstream) are now a day and dollar short of being not much more than historians... instead of what they think they are... news casters.
The horse is long gone - 2007... it was all over but for...
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 2, 2009 13:30:11 GMT -5
The inevitably Marxist zoo III: Huey Long in the White House
By Michael Moriarty web posted June 1, 2009
One can, of course, make history, and one can write history; but is it fair to anyone or anything, particularly the truth, to control both the writing of history and the direction of history itself?
That is precisely what the Progressive movement in America is committed to doing.
The most legendary world leaders who were dedicated to doing the same thing were Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse Tung.
The American Progressive movement, however, with its present and increasing control of all three estates of government – the legislative, judicial and executive – plus the fourth estate of a mainstream media, is determined to both write history and to control its unfolding.
The possibility for such a God-like omnipotence ultimately rests in the philosophy and experimental science of eugenics, that vision of mankind's or at least a few of mankind's or even perhaps a worldwide oversight committee's ability to control human evolution.
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 5, 2009 13:30:48 GMT -5
Atom Egoyan explores genocide in new art exhibit
Atom Egoyan has two Oscar nominations and a Cannes Film Festival award. But his latest project, "Remains to Be Seen," is a new art exhibition showing in Toronto. Produced under the umbrella of The International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies in Toronto, the multi-media show hopes to raise the public's awareness about genocide.
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 8, 2009 19:55:56 GMT -5
Mother fights claims she is 'too stupid' to bring up child
A mother has had her three-year-old daughter taken away from her by social services after authorities deemed her too stupid to look after the child.
The court claims she does have the mental capacity to keep up with the legal aspects of her situation and has refused her attempts to halt the adoption process.
The latest research from the Equality and Human Rights Commission suggested that one in four children subjected to care orders had parents with a learning difficulty.
Children taken into care are two and a half times more likely to become teenage parents and 66 times more likely to have their own children taken into care.
John Hemming, Liberal Democrat MP for Birmingham Yardley, who is campaigning on Rachel's behalf, said: "We have got experts saying she hasn't got learning difficulties and is quite capable of looking after a child. They are really abusing her."
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 10, 2009 13:14:36 GMT -5
Breakthrough... an interesting word. In conjurers up visions of amazing discovery - hope and relief. These days it tends to raise a flag for me. No one is out there seeking breakthroughs as a "benevolent" act of kindness. It seems more like "product" thinly wrapped in hope.
Food under license. Oh look you have the misfortune of a drought, wonder how that came about? Never mind.. we have the product for you. Terms and conditions? Oh... never mind those - they don't mean anything (yet!). ================================================= Monsanto, BASF announce breakthrough in drought-resistant corn development
Monsanto Co. and BASF scientists said Tuesday they discovered a naturally occurring bacterial gene that can help corn plants combat drought conditions and show yield stability during periods of low rainfall.
The companies said they would use the gene to develop the world’s first biotechnology-derived drought-tolerant crop.
The discovery is a timely breakthrough, according to Monsanto.
I am sure that after years of rigorous testing that this "product" will prove to be exactly what it is sold as. A food patented source which displaces all natural seed by legislation - and which has absolutely no detrimental effects, especially to the bottom line.
See how happy they are for us?
Hey! Didn't I buy a used car from him?
No! Dams and sky smearing and 2000 atomic tests since 1945 - have nothing to do with droughts or anything else for that matter - silly us.
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 11, 2009 17:56:22 GMT -5
Economic crisis will fuel abusive child labor practices: experts
The global economic crisis has left growing numbers of children at risk of abusive and hazardous jobs ranging from prostitution to fighting in adult wars, US officials warned on Wednesday.
"For the first time since 1930 we're experiencing a global recession. Unemployment is surging, the prices for basic food staples are skyrocketing. These dire circumstances provide a fertile breeding ground for the worst forms of child labor," Senator Tom Harkin said at a conference in Washington.
"Desperate people resort to desperate and degrading measures to survive, including forcing children into abusive labor," Harkin said at the conference convened by US Labor Secretary Hilda Solis to mark the World Day Against Child Labor.
The roundtable conference fell almost 10 years to the day that the International Labor Organization (ILO) adopted a convention calling for urgent action to end the exploitation of children in abusive or hazardous work including slavery, fighting as combat soldiers, prostitution and in drug trafficking networks.
Solis said that labor laws tend to "fall by the wayside" in times of economic crisis and were at risk of doing so now as the world weathered the worst slump since the Great Depression.
"Across the globe when there are financial crises, you see the enormous stress placed on government and business and the tendency is to let labor laws fall by the wayside," she told AFP.
"When that happens you see more abuses in the workplace and exploitation of children, and the aim of this conference is to highlight that and focus on that," she said, calling the problem of child labor "systemic."
Solis announced that the US Labor Department will provide more than 60 million dollars in funding for programs to educate children and give them vocational training, both key to breaking the cycle of child labor, while helping their parents find alternatives to sending their children out to work.
According to the UN labor agency, there are 218 million child laborers around the world. Nearly half are girls, and more than half of those girls do hazardous or abusive work: everything from mining to prostitution.
Child labor is, to a great extent, driven by poverty, the ILO says, and when poverty is worsened by a slumping economy, more children are pulled from school and sent out to work, often far from friends and family.
"Americans find it hard to understand that anyone could send their child far from home to work," said Carol Smolenski, director of End Child Prostitution and Trafficking (ECPAT-USA).
"But what they don't know is that in some of these countries, 50 percent of kids' growth is stunted by malnutrition. Kids are literally starving to death. How can a parent not take the opportunity in circumstances like those to send their kid out to work?" she said.
The more vulnerable the child is to begin with, either through poverty or because they live in an abusive family, the more likely they are to fall into a bad work situation.
"Even in the United States, the kids who are involved in prostitution -- and there are many, many 12-, 13- and 14-year-old girls in the adult sex industry -- are vulnerable kids," said Smolenski.
"They're runaway kids, throw-away kids. Very often they were sexually abused kids. Pimps are actually looking for girls who have been sexually abused because, as they say, 'These girls have been raped so many times, it's my job to teach them they might as well get paid for it,'" she said.
Among the speakers at the conference was 27-year-old Gabriel Kou Solomon, who was kidnapped by rebel forces in southern Sudan at the age of six and held by them for four years.
They taught him and other children to "shoot guns and do reconnaissance," priming them to be soldiers in Sudan's long civil war.
"No child should ever go through what I did," Solomon told AFP at the conference which gathered dozens of officials, business representatives, a filmmaker and members of non-governmental organizations, whom Solis called on to work together to beat child labor.
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 12, 2009 14:09:16 GMT -5
DNA databases prelude to return of eugenics? Warning issued over 'full genomic scans' on babies
An organization that has been battling Minnesota state procedures in which DNA from every newborn is collected and warehoused says virtually all states do the same thing, and the alarming trend eventually could lead the United States back into eugenics.
The report from Twila Brase, president of the Citizens' Council on Health Care, says, "Throughout history, proponents of eugenics have focused on the reproduction of children, either through encouraging the 'healthy' to reproduce or discouraging the 'unhealthy' from procreation. This focus has been evidenced in history by 29 state sterilization laws … and the horrific Nazi campaign aimed at ridding Germany of the 'unfit' – the Jews, the physically deformed, the mentally retarded, the 'feebleminded,' the inferior, the epileptic, the deaf, the blind, 'those suffering from hereditary conditions,' the deviant 'asocial' and the politically dissident."
The report then continued, "That the focus on reproduction still exists today is more than troubling.
"The authors of a 2001 study 'were struck' by the large number of state government officials who agreed with a specific statement regarding assessment of a child's suitability for future reproduction," the report said. "Nineteen (54 percent) of 35 … respondents who routinely provide counseling – mostly newborn genetic screening follow-up staff at state health departments across the country – thought it important when giving advice to parents to 'identify children who might be, for genetic reasons, unsuitable choices for future reproduction,'" the report said.
The concept of "identifying" those who would be "unsuitable" for reproduction is enough reason for parents to be alarmed, and people should start demanding fully informed consent requirements, Brase said.
Post by wallsocket on Jun 12, 2009 23:25:15 GMT -5
Now that you mention it, PL, RUN LIKE HELL. ;D
Hosted by Google Back to Google News Pulling malaria from mosquitoes to fight disease
By LAURAN NEERGAARD – 4 days ago
WASHINGTON (AP) — Think your job's tedious? Try beheading 100 mosquitoes an hour.
Gently, no smushing allowed. Malaria parasites lurk in these mosquitoes' salivary glands, and a small company on the outskirts of the nation's capital needs them unharmed for a dramatic test — attempting the first live vaccine to fight malaria.
Mutant mosquitoes, too, might help one day. Their eyes glow green under a special microscope, a sign that the University of Maryland's genetic engineering has taken hold: These bugs should become super malaria incubators, a bid to eventually get more of the vaccine's key ingredient per mosquito.
If the two experiments sound far-fetched, consider: A global push is on to eradicate this ancient scourge, and increasingly scientists are exploring how to use the mosquito itself to help — not just with the vaccine research but also, conversely, by breeding insects that are less able to spread malaria.
"It's really gene therapy for insects," says Dr. David O'Brochta, who heads the Maryland university's novel laboratory and, with government funding, is creating both bug types.
It's a change in philosophy, and O'Brochta cautions that it's far from clear that any of the mosquito research will pan out.
A vaccine made of living malaria parasites "was considered laughable five to seven years ago," says Dr. Stephen Hoffman, CEO of Rockville, Md.-based Sanaria Inc.
In the Navy in the 1990s, Hoffman irradiated malaria-carrying mosquitoes to weaken the parasites inside them, and he and 13 colleagues subjected themselves to more than 1,000 bites. Usually malaria parasites race to the liver and multiply before invading the bloodstream to sicken. These weakened parasites instead sat harmlessly in the liver, unable to multiply but triggering the immune system to fend off later infections. All but one of the people in Hoffman's test, himself included, were immune when bitten by regular malaria-infected mosquitoes over the next 10 months.
The question was how to turn that protection into a long-lasting shot. Critics said "it couldn't possibly be made," Hoffman recalls. "We were dismissed by 99 percent of the people in the malaria field."
Yet two weeks ago, with the Food and Drug Administration's OK, the first of about 100 U.S. volunteers started receiving test doses of Sanaria's vaccine, in a first-stage safety study.
Nearly a quarter-billion people get malaria each year, and it kills almost 1 million, the vast majority of them young children in Africa. Species of Anopheles mosquitoes spread the parasite. Bed netting and insecticides are the chief protection. Advanced testing of a different experimental vaccine from GlaxoSmithKline is under way in Africa, an exciting first but one expected to provide only partial protection.
Hence the push by about a dozen labs worldwide to breed malaria-resistant mosquitoes in various ways, including altering their genes.
In O'Brochta's lab, Robert Harrell peers through a microscope and jabs a mosquito egg — so small it takes a clump of them to resemble specks of dirt — with a hair-thin glass needle. He's aiming new DNA near a spot that should develop into reproductive organs, so the resulting mutant mosquito can pass its new trait to next generations.
Inheritance is a hurdle: Of the mutants that survive to adulthood, only about 2 percent of their progeny remain genetically modified.
In a humid insectary that resembles a walk-in safe, O'Brochta pulls out a bucket swarming with Anopheles gambiae, the species that drives malaria in Africa. Deprived of human blood in the lab, these mosquitoes will suck on a sedated mouse for food. (The lab mouse, which loses a little blood, then gets a two-week vacation — and no, mosquitoes don't make mice itch.)
But in the wild, this particular species hunts people like a bloodhound, so a malaria-resistance gene would have to spread a lot faster through mosquito populations to work. How to speed that spread is O'Brochta's main focus.
The flip side of his research brings us back to Sanaria.
It takes 3,000 mosquitoes — relatives of A. gambiae, dissected by hand — to make a batch of the experimental vaccine, says Sanaria entomologist Adam Richman. In an FDA-sanctioned "clean room," workers dunk frozen mosquitoes in alcohol, killing them but not the stunned parasites inside. Then, peering through a microscope, the workers carefully pull each mosquito's head from its body. Out pops an almost translucent glob, the glands, ready for purification.
The company's eventual goal: a mosquito that can harbor 200,000 sporozoites, the immature parasites, twice the typical amount. In his nearby university lab, that's what O'Brochta is trying to create by switching off a gene that protects the bug when it eats malaria-infected human blood.
"No one has ever made transgenic mosquitoes with this gene knocked out," he says. "We want to cripple its immune system so when it takes an infected meal, it gets infected at very high levels.
EDITOR'S NOTE _ Lauran Neergaard covers health and medical issues for The Associated Press in Washington.
Last Edit: Jun 12, 2009 23:28:31 GMT -5 by wallsocket
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 14, 2009 19:01:38 GMT -5
On a planet of almost limitless plenty... one has to wonder... why? =========================================
U.N. warns of catastrophe as hungry people top one billion
By Silvia Aloisi Silvia Aloisi – Fri Jun 12, 1:33 pm ET
ROME (Reuters) – High food prices have pushed another 105 million people into hunger in the first half of 2009, the head of the U.N. World Food Programme said on Friday, raising the total number of hungry people to over 1 billion.
Urging rich nations at a meeting of G8 development ministers not to cut back on aid, Josette Sheeran said the world faced a human catastrophe as more people struggle to eat a decent meal.
"This year we are clocking in on average four million new hungry people a week, urgently hungry," Sheeran told Reuters.
"For the first six months of this year, 105 million people have been added," she said, citing figures to be released by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization next week that will raise the total number of undernourished people to over 1 billion.
In 2008, FAO said the world's hungry numbered 963 million.
The WFP needs $6.4 billion this year for food aid, but donors' contributions have fallen way behind that level -- it had around $1.5 billion at the end of last week.
The agency says it has had to cut food aid rations and shut some operations in eastern Africa and North Korea because of the credit crunch.
Post by Walking Owl on Jun 15, 2009 21:48:26 GMT -5
A possible bone being thrown for the dog - but it is the right direction. =========================================== Call to close genocide loophole
Legal loopholes which allow foreign war criminals to escape prosecution in the UK should be closed, a report says.
The Aegis Trust says several people suspected of committing torture and genocide overseas, such as in Rwanda and Iraq, have entered the country.
The report also proposes strengthening the law on prosecuting suspects who are present in the UK.
A Ministry of Justice spokesman said tackling crimes of genocide requires international co-operation.
The Aegis Trust says it suspects alleged war criminals from Afghanistan, Sudan, Sierra Leone and Sri Lanka may be present in the UK.
They include a lieutenant colonel from the Soviet-era Afghan government's secret police, Khad, and an alleged Tamil Tiger assassination hit squad driver.
The report names Felicien Kabuga, accused of financing the Rwandan genocide, and Liberian Chucky Taylor, who was convicted of torture by the US, as two individuals who came to the UK but were not brought before the courts.
The Aegis Trust says the total number of suspects in the UK is not in the public domain.
Since 2004, the UK's Border Agency has screened 1,863 individuals for war crimes, genocide or crimes against humanity.
As a result, immigration action, which includes decisions to refuse entry, indefinite leave to remain and naturalisation, as well as exclusions from refugee protection, was taken against 138 people.
Since 2005 there have been 22 cases referred to the Metropolitan Police, but only one has resulted in successful prosecution, the report said.
Continued... BBC ===============================================
Eugenics in Israel: Did Jews try to improve the human race too? By Yotam Feldman
In 1944, psychiatrist Kurt Levinstein gave a lecture at a Tel Aviv conference, where he advocated preventing people with various mental and neurological disorders - such as alcoholism, manic depression and epilepsy - from bringing children into the world.
The means he proposed - prohibition of marriage, contraception, abortion and sterilization - were acceptable in Europe and the United States in the first decades of the 20th century, within the framework of eugenics: the science aimed at improving the human race.
In the 1930s, the Nazis used these same methods in the early stages of their plan to strengthen the Aryan race. Levinstein was aware, of course, of the dubious political connotations implicit in his recommendations, but believed the solid and salutary principles of eugenics could be isolated from their use by the Nazis.
Recent research by historian Rakefet Zalashik on the history of psychiatry in Palestine during the Mandate period and following the founding of the state shows that Levinstein was far from a lone voice. Indeed, she claims in her 2008 book, "Ad Nefesh: Refugees, Immigrants, Newcomers and the Israeli Psychiatric Establishment" (Hakibbutz Hameuchad; in Hebrew), that the eugenics-based concept of "social engineering" was part of the psychiatric mainstream here from the 1930s through the 1950s.
Yo, Owly, anybody who can get their hands on a test tube will probably try it. People who do not relate to their shadow selves are usually determined to exterminate them. Modern wisdoms indicate that what one finds most irritating in others, is what one rejects about oneself.