Post by Walking Owl on Feb 15, 2010 20:39:08 GMT -5
Who? This guy?
OWAIN ap THOMAS ap RHODRI (‘ Owain Lawgoch ’ ; d. 1378 ), a soldier of fortune and pretender to the principality of Wales ; son of Thomas (q.v.) ap Rhodri ap Gruffydd (q.v.) by one Cecilia — he was therefore a great-great-grandson of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (q.v.) and a great-nephew of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd (q.v.) . Born c. 1330 , probably on Thomas 's estate of Tatsfield in Surrey , he appears to have entered the service of Philip VI of France while still quite young, and except for a brief interval of less than twelve months, spent the remainder of his life abroad, earning for himself, as ‘ Yevain de Galles ’ or Owen of Wales , an outstanding reputation as a mercenary leader, not only in France , but in Lombardy and Brittany , Alsace , and Switzerland .
That he was considered a serious menace in England is suggested by the circumstances of his assassination at the siege of Mortagne-sur-Mer (obviously with the connivance of the English authorities), in July 1378 , at the hands of a Scot , John Lamb , who had wormed himself into Owain 's confidence. He was buried four miles away from the scene of his death, in the church of S. Leger , deeply mourned by a wide circle of associates, the deeds of this proud and generous, albeit passionate, personality, commanding the admiration of some of the leading chroniclers of the age. ==============================================
Frontal infiltration gave way to romancing the stone... which turned out to turn the trick.
Abstract From Montreal to Madras, from Barbados to Burma, the lodges of Freemasons dotted the landscape of the British Empire from the eighteenth century to the twentieth. Together with the British grand lodges under whose authority they met, these lodges constituted a vast network that extended across the oceans and linked Freemasons in Britain's colonies to the metropole and to each other. In this article I use the fraternity to demonstrate how the age of empire can serve as a laboratory for studying transoceanic networks, institutions, and identities. Looking first at the broad imperial context, I demonstrate how the global Masonic network developed and describe its functions during the long nineteenth century. I then focus on the British North Atlantic as a case study of the brotherhood's role in connecting people on various sides of a particular ocean basin by offering practical services and encouraging an "imperialist" identity that helped consolidate the British Empire.
- The crowning aspiration of the Tudor Gomerite ideal - physical immortality for the select few.
- Avoidance of death and disease for "them" whilst habiting a place of uncrowded paradise.
- Eugenics (for us) - Immortality (for them)
Look around you - SEE result.
1607 - 2007
The English church was under papal authority for nearly a thousand years, before separating from Rome in 1534 during the reign of King Henry Tudor VIII the Gomerite.
Until that time... The conflict thesis, which holds that religion and science have been in conflict continuously throughout history was resolved.
The papal choke hold preventing break neck scientific exploration, concerns of ethical and moral travesty... evaporated.
The table had been set for "Whatever it takes"... from the subprime to the diabolical... time was short and impediment to progress not welcomed or tolerated.
Unfettered... science exploded, fueled by imperial plunder.
Nearing the end of the Tudor Dynasty, Sir Francis Bacon published the ideas about humanity and the aspects of a perfect society, pushing the limits of metacognition at that time.
The Gomerite dynasty came closer to reaching modern science with the Baconian Method, a forerunner of the Scientific Method.
The brakes were off - 400 years later, using America as the Mega-lab without guilty conscience... the atom was split, DNA unraveled and Tudor Gomerite fingers touched the sky while the general world population was left high and dry.
"Great additions have of late been made to our knowledge of the past ; the long conspiracy against the revelation of truth has gradually given way, and com- peting historians all over the civilized world have been zealous to take advantage of the change. The printing of archives has kept pace with the admission of en- quirers ; and the total mass of new matter, which the last half -century has accumulated, amounts to many thousands of volumes. In view of changes and of gains such as these, it has become impossible for the histori- cal writer of the present age to trust without reserve even to the most respected secondary authorities. The honest student finds himself continually deserted, re- tarded, misled by the classics of historical literature, and has to hew his own way through multitudinous transactions, periodicals and ofiicial publications in order to reach the truth.
"Ultimate history cannot be obtained in this genera- tion ; but, so far as documentary evidence is at com- mand, conventional history can be discarded, and the point can be shown that has been reached on the road from one to the other.'' (Preface of Cambridge Mod- ern History.)
For years, as a student and physician, I listened to remarks from teachers and professional friends as to the opposition of the Popes to science, until finally, much against my will, I came to believe that there had been many Papd documents issued, which intentionally or otherwise hampered the progress of science. Inter- est in the history of medicine led me to investigate tiie subject for myself. To my surprise, I found that the supposed Papal opposition to science was practically all founded on an exaggeration of the signincance of the Galileo incident As a matter of history, the Popes were as liberal patrons of science as of art In the Renaissance period, when their patronage of Raphael and Michel Angelo and other great artists did so much for art, similar relations to Columbus, Eustachius, and CsBsalpinus, and later to Steno and Malpighi, our great- est medical discoverers, had like results for science. The Papal Medical School was for centuries the greatest medical school in Europe, and its professors were the most distinguished medical scientists of the time. This is a perfectly simple bit of history that anyone may find for himself in any reliable history of medicine. The medical schools were the scientific departments of the universities practically down to the nineteenth century. In them were studied botany, zoology and the biological sciences generally, chemistry, physics, mineraJogy and even astronomy, because of the belief that the stars in- fluenced hmnan constitutions. The Popes in fostering medical schools (there were four of them in the Papd dominions, and two of them, Bologna and Rome, were the greatest medical schools for several centuries) were acting as wise and beneficent patrons of science. Many of the greatest scientists of the Middle Ages were clergymen. Some of the greatest of them were canon- ized as saints. Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas are typical examples. At least one Pope had been a distinguished scientist before being elected to the Papacy. For seven centuries the Popes selected as their physicians the greatest medical scientists of the
Vi THE POPES AND SCIENCE
time, and the list of Papal physicians is the worthiest series of names connected by any bond in the history of medicine, far surpassing in scientific import even the roll of the faculty of any medical school.
In a word, I failed to find any trace of Papal opposi- tion to true science in any form. On the contrary, I found abundant evidence of their having been just as liberal and judicious patrons of science as they were of art and education in all forms. I foimd also that those who write most emphatically about Papal opposi- tion to science, know nothing at all of the history of science, and above all of medicine and of surgery, during three very precious centuries. Because they know nothing about it they think there was none, and go out of their way to find a reason for its absence, while all the time there is a wondrous series of chapters of science for those who care to look for them. This is the story that I have tried to tell in this book.
This material is, I think, gathered into compact form for the first time. No one knows better than I do how many defects are probably in the volume. What I have tried to do is to present a large subject in a popular way, and at the same time with such references to readily available authorities as would make the collec- tion of further information comparatively easy. I am sorry that the book has had to take on a controversial tone. No one feels more than I do that controversy seldom advances truth. There are certain false notions, however, which have the prestige of prominent names behind them, which simply must be flatly contradicted. I did not seek the controversy, for when I began to publish the original documents in the subject I men- tioned no names. Controversy was forced on me, but not imtil I had made it a point to meet and spend many pleasant hours with the writer whose statements I must mipugn, because they so flagrantly contradict the simple facts of medical history.
May Catholics dissect ? Supposed prohibition of dissection. Twenty medical schools in Catholic Europe. Medieval universities and medical education. Allbutt on medicine down to the sixteenth cen- tury. William of Salicet and Lanfranc, the great medieval surgeons. The nearer to Rome the better the medical school. The state of medical teaching and discovery. The relation of the Popes to medi- cal progress. Supposed Papal prohibitions. Ignorance of medieval medicine the reason for misrepresentation. The Popes did not hamper medicine nor any other science. Galileo's case an incident, not the index of a policy. The Papal Medical School the greatest in the world. The Papal Physicians leaders in science. The Church did for science as much as for art and literature. History a con- spiracy against the truth. (Cambridge Modern History.) 1
THE SUPPOSED PAPAL PROHIBITION OF DISSECTION.
A new Catholic medical school and dissection. Supposed Papal prohibitions of anatomy and of chemistry. The bull of Pope Boni- face VIII., De Sepulturis. Reason for the bull. Supposed misinter- pretation. Misuse of word infallibility. Some history of dissection. Date of bull important in history. Mondino's work. Body-snatch- ing. Dissections elsewhere. How Mondino prepared his bodies for dissection. Guy de Chauliac at Bologna sees many dissections. Mondino*s assistants, Otto and Alessandra. Papal permissions to dissect. The Church granting anatomical privileges where civil authorities refused. How the tradition of this Papal prohibition originated. M. Daunou as an authority. Reply of Pope Benedict XIV. as to bull. This subject a type of certain kinds of history. . 28
THE STORY OF ANATOMY DOWN TO THE RENAISSANCE.
Presumed failure of anatomy during the Middle Ages a mjrth.
Famous Law of Frederick II. Dissections at Salerno. Taddeo and
aaatomj. Salicet and Lanfranc. A famous medico-legal autopsy.
viii THE POPES AND SCIENCE
Mondino in the history of anatomy. Roth's story of dissection. Guy ,
de Chauliac's experience at Bologna. The story of dissection dnring the fourteenth century without a break. Continued in next century. The work of Berengar of Carpi, Achillini, Matthew of Gradi. Path- ological anatomy born with Benivieni. Pres. White's attitude to the evidence for dissection at this time 61
THB GOLDEN AGE OF ANATOMY.— VESAUUS.
The golden age of anatomy as of letters and art in Italy. Not origin, but wonderful development. Great predecessors of Raphael and Michel Angelo, as of Vesalius and Columbus. Legitimate culmi- nation of anatomical development. The pre-Vesalians, Mondino, Bertrucci, Chauliac, Achillini, Berengar and Benivieni. The English students, Linacre, Cains, Phreas. Italy the Mecca of anatomical in- vestigators. Harvey and Steno. Graduate work in Italy then as in Germany now. Vesalius *s career. The University of Louvain. Vesalius in Paris, in Italy. The Father of Modern Anatomy. Royal Physician to Charles V. Some historical misconstructions. What the Popes did for anatomy in the sixteenth century 90
THE SUPPOSED PAPAL PROHIBITION OF CHEMISTRY.
False impression prevalent just as in anatomy. Striking similar- ity of history -lie. American writers. The Papal decree. Its pur- pose. The gold -brick industry. Fines to be distributed to the poor. Pope John's bull , Super Illius specula. Appeal to historians of chemistry. Chemistry in later Middle Ages. Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, Ra3rmondLully, Arnold of Villanova, the two Hollanduses, Basil Valentine, Paracelsus and his ecclesias- tical teachers. Pope John XXII. a patron of science and of education 120
A PAPAL PATRON OF EDUCATION AND OF SCIENCE.
Pope John XXII. distinguished for his administrative abilities, his learning and his abstemiousness. Avarice and the Papal revenues. Educational foundations from Papal revenues. Modern educators and this old-time patron of education. All great Popes subject of slander. The personality of Pope John XXII. Pres. White's astonish- ing declarations as to the bull Super Illius specula. Pope John XXII. "a kindly and rational scholar." His bull for the University of Pemgia. Perugia and the history of cultare. Standards in edu- cation. Seven years for the doctorate in medicine. Foundation of tbe University of Cahors. Modem requirements. Why the Pope favored' edu c ation 158
Post by Walking Owl on Feb 17, 2010 12:01:16 GMT -5
Fair enough Pub... but we must distinguish between Papal science and Gomer SCIENCE.
Pope Benedict on Saturday condemned genetic engineering and other scientific practices that allow people to select so-called "designer babies" by screening them for defects. In the speech the Pope also attacked artificial insemination and the widespread use of medical tests that can detect diseases and inherited disorders in embryos.
... and so on and so forth.
There is >i< science and Red Dragon SCIENCE. (Uber Alchemy)
One seeks to prove the existence of god... the other seeks to become god.
Hence the separating of the ways...
It is also why you find headlines such as this...
Will religion ever lose the battle against science?
... and why science works so diligently to defame religion... and ridicule the premise and the participants... they did until the very end, represent a blockage to the Gomer Tudor goals.
It is all irrelevant now of course, in 2007 the checklist of Gomer deliverables was completed.
Continuation of the thread is Act 3 Scene 1
What happened after project completion... April 2007?
On the 7th of April 2007 sitting in Cafe La Boheme celebrating my birthday I drank good beer with a number of old friends from my life in San Francisco. ;D Hope you do not think this coincidence for sitting in that Cafe felt like a very powerful moment where walking between worlds between the table and the loo I boldly charged.
On the 7th of April 2007 sitting in Cafe La Boheme celebrating my birthday I drank good beer with a number of old friends from my life in San Francisco. ;D Hope you do not think this coincidence for sitting in that Cafe felt like a very powerful moment where walking between worlds between the table and the loo I boldly charged.
;D Very tempting Pub... I could probably squeeze some juice from that.
Strategy 1 - The breeze of the wings of the butterfly. Strategy 2 - The six degrees of Bacon. Strategy 3 - Spin a good yarn.
Nah... on second thought I should leave it alone... Besides it was October 14, 2007 at 1:57 pm when the signal was sent out. You were probably just an oblivious bystander having a nice birthday on the 7th
Oblivious I agree. However to add spark to the conjectures herein we do have to rely on scholarship of the non-fringe and fringe to best grasp the communication. We might be advantaged discussing Henry I. In fact we might be helped further by discussing the kinship and patronage before the Tudors along the Welsh March. Then maybe discussing learning and critical thinking before and after Bacon. Say 350 years or so on either side.
Well advanced civilization maintaining it's lore and tradition unalterd and well understood for many thousands of years is improbable. Ovid almost became a Christian Saint and Vergil was practical conflated with a Saint.
Humanism, an educational and philosophical outlook that emphasizes the personal worth of the individual and the central importance of human values as opposed to religious belief, developed in Europe during the Renaissance, influenced by the study of ancient Greek and Latin literature and philosophy. Humanism thus began as an educational program called the humanities, which inculcated those ancient secular values which were consistent with Christian teachings. The Renaissance humanists were often devout Christians, but they promoted secular values and a love of pagan antiquity.
Renaissance Humanism The founder of Renaissance humanism was Petrarch (1304-74), an Italian poet and man of letters who attempted to apply the values and lessons of antiquity to questions of Christian faith and morals in his own day. By the late 14th century, the term studia humanitatis ("humanistic studies") had come to mean a well-defined cycle of education, including the study of grammar, rhetoric, history, poetry, and moral philosophy, based on Latin authors and classical texts. Key in ensuring the permanence of humanism after Petrarch's initial success was the Florentine chancellor Coluccio Salutati (1331-1406), who wrote many learned treatises and kept up a massive correspondence with his literary contemporaries. Salutati, together with his younger follower Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444), used the studia humanitatis as the basis for a life of active service to state and society. Bruni in particular created a new definition of Florence's republican traditions, and defended the city in panegyrics and letters.
The 14th-century humanists had relied mainly on Latin. In the early 15th century, however, classical Greek became a major study, providing scholars with a fuller, more accurate knowledge of ancient civilization. Included were many of the works of Plato, the Homeric epics, the Greek tragedies, and the narratives of Plutarch and Xenophon. Poggio Bracciolini (1380-1459), a chancellor of Florence and papal secretary, discovered important classical texts, studied Roman ruins and inscriptions, and created the study of classical archaeology. Poggio also criticized the corruption and hypocrisy of his age in biting satire and well-argued dialogues. Lorenzo Valla (c. 1407-57), one of the greatest classical scholars and text editors of his age, proved that the Donation of Constantine, a medieval document that supported papal claims to temporal authority, was a forgery.
The founding (c. 1450) of the Platonic Academy in Florence by Cosimo de'Medici signaled a shift in humanist values from political and social concerns to speculation about the nature of humankind and the cosmos. Scholars such as Marsilio Ficino and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola used their knowledge of Greek and Hebrew to reconcile Platonic teachings with Jewish mysticism, the Hermetic tradition, and Christian orthodoxy in the search for a philosophia perennia (a philosophy that would be always true).
The work of Italian humanists soon spread north of the Alps, finding a receptive audience among English thinkers such as John Colet (c. 1467-1519), who applied the critical methods developed in Italy to the study of the Bible. Desiderius Erasmuy of the Netherlands was the most influential of the Christian humanists. In his Colloquies and Praise of Folly (1509), Erasmus satirized the corruptions of his contemporaries, especially the clergy, in comparison with the teachings of the Bible, early Christianity, and the best of pagan thinkers. In his Adages (1500 and later editions), he showed the consistency of Christian teachings with ancient pagan wisdom. Erasmus devoted most of his energy and learning, however, to establishing sound editions of the sources of the Christian tradition, such as his Greek New Testament (1516) and translations of the Greek and Latin Fathers of the Church. Erasmus' friend Thomas More wrote yet another humanist critique of society--Utopia (1516), which attacked the corruptions of power, wealth, and social status. By the middle of the 16th century humanism had won wide acceptance as an educational system.
Later Types of Humanism By the 18th century the word humanism had come to be identified with a purely secular attitude--one that often rejected Christianity altogether. In the 20th century the term has taken on a number of different, often conflicting, meanings. In the works of the pragmatist philosopher Ferdinand Schiller (1864-1937) humanism is seen as that philosophical understanding which stems from human activity. Irving Babbitt used the word to describe a program of reaction against romanticism and naturalism in literature. Jean Paul Sartre developed a scientific humanism preaching human worth based on Marxist theory, and the Roman Catholic Jacques Maritain tried to formulate a new Christian humanism based on the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. The American Humanist Association, which grew out of the Unitarian movement, holds that human beings can satisfy religious needs from within, discarding the concept of God as inconsistent with advanced thought and human freedom. In recent years, fundamentalist Christian groups in the United States have declared their opposition to "secular humanism," an antireligious ideology that they believe pervades American society, including the major churches, and that they blame for its moral failings.
Benjamin G. Kohl
Bibliography: Bullock, Alan, The Humanist Tradition in the West (1985); Garin, Eugenio, Italian Humanism (1966); Kohl, Benjamin G., and Witt, Ronald G., eds., The Earthly Republic: Italian Humanists on Government and Society (1978); Kristeller, Paul O., Renaissance Thought and Its Sources (1979); Nash, Paul, Models of Man (1968); Trinkaus, Charles, The Scope of Renaissance Humanism (1983).
A study of the two books from which these few and brief extracts are made, in connection with the works of Waite, Wigston, and Hargrave Jennings on the Rosicrucians, opens to us a realm of thought to which so many of us in our less trammeled age are oblivious, and helps in blazing a way to a conception of what has seemed to us a fantastic and futile method for one of the greatest intellects which the world has known, to employ in playing his role on the human stage. This conception is reached when we clearly understand that Rosicrucianism meant in the seventeenth century the universal brotherhood of humanity; that it was a society closely allied to Freemasonry; derived its cult through the same channels from the event-- the building of Solomon's House; employed the same symbols, and that the Invisibles, as the Rosicrucians entitled themselves, worked by hidden ways to bring about their proposed reformation of society, and found that the field of literature afforded sure and safe highways to human minds--the highways of Philosophy, Science, and History; Poetry, Romance, and Drama; reached in the one instance by different paths of abstract thought, experiment, analysis, and comparison; in the other by the more alluring byways of imagination and fancy. Reaching this conception, a comprehension of Bacon's literary methods, and even of the cipher mystery, becomes less difficult; in fact, difficulties quite vanish when one reflects that the reformer of our day works in the same way, and uses the same means that the Invisibles did, but with this difference, that he labours in the sunshine of hope, while they wrought in the shadow of fear.
From the "New Atlantis" The father of the Family, whom they call the Tirsan, two days before the feast, taketh to him three of such friends as he liketh to choose; and is assisted also by the governor of the city or place where the feast is celebrated; and all the persons of the family, of both sexes, are summoned to attend him. These two days the Tirsan sitteth in consultation concerning the good estate of the family. Then, if there be any discord or suits between any of the family, they are compounded and appeased.
From Heydon's "Voyage to the Land of the Roscicrucians" The Father of the fraternity, whom they call the R.C., two days before the feast taketh to him three of such friends as he liketh to chase, and is assisted also by the governor of the city where the feast is celebrated, and all the persons of the family, of both sexes, are summoned to attend upon him. Then, if there be any discords or suits, they are compounded and appeased.
From the "New Atlantis" And as we were thus in conference, there came one that seemed to be a messenger, in a rich hue, that spake with the Jew; whereupon he turned to me and said: "You will pardon me, for I am commanded away in haste." The next morning he came to me again, joyful as it seemed, and said, "There is word come to the governor of the city, that one of the Fathers of Salomon's House will be here this day seven-night: we have seen none of them this dozen years. His coming is in state; but the cause of his coming is secret. I will provide you and your fellows of a good standing to see his entry." I thanked, and told him, I was most glad of the news.
From Heydon's "Voyage to the Land of the Roscicrucians" As we were thus in conference, there came one that seemed to be a messenger, in a rich hue, that spake with the Jew, whereupon he turned to me and said, " You will pardon me, for I am commanded away in haste." The next morning he came to me joyful, and said--"There is word come to the Governor of the city that one of the Fathers of the Temple of the Rosie Cross, or Holy House, will be here this day seven-night. We have seen none of them this dozen years. His coming is in state, but the cause is secret. I will provide you and your fellows of a good standing to see his entry." I thanked him and said I was most glad of the news.
From the "New Atlantis" God bless thee, my son; I will give thee the greatest jewel I have. For I will impart unto thee, for the love of God and men, a relation of the true state of Salomon's House. Son, to make you know the true state of Salomon's House, I will keep this order. First, I will set forth unto you the end of our foundation. Secondly, the preparations and instruments we have for our works. Thirdly, the several employments and functions whereto our fellows are assigned. And fourthly, the ordinances and rites which we observe.
The End of our Foundation is the knowledge of Causes, and secret motions of things; and the enlarging of the bounds of Human Empire, to the effecting of all things possible.
From Heydon's "Voyage to the Land of the Roscicrucians" God bless thee, my son; I will give thee the greatest jewel I have; I will impart unto thee, for the love of God and men, a relation of the true state of the Rosie Crosse. First, I will set forth the end of our foundation; secondly the preparations and instruments we have for our workes; thirdly, the several functions whereto our fellows are assigned; and fourthly, the ordinances and rights which we observe. The end of our foundation is the knowledge of causes and secret motions of things, and the enlarging of the bounds of Kingdoms to the effecting of all things possible.
That the order of the Rose-Cross was a Christian organization these extracts from the Rosicrucian prayer alone prove:--
Jesus Mihi Omnia Oh Thou everywhere and good of all, whatsoever I do remember, I beseech Thee, that I am but dust, but as a vapour sprung from earth, which even Thy smallest breath can scatter. Thou hast given me a soul and laws to govern it; let that fraternal rule which Thou didst first appoint to sway man order me; make me careful to point at Thy glory in all my wayes, and where I cannot rightly know Thee, that not only my understanding but my ignorance may honour Thee-- I cast myself as an honourer of Thee at Thy feet, and because I cannot be defended by Thee unless I believe after Thy laws, keep me, O my soul's Sovereign, in the obedience of Thy Will, and that I wound not conscience with vice and hiding Thy gifts and graces bestowed upon me, for this, I know, will destroy me within, and make Thy illumination Spirit leave me. I am afraid I have already infinitely swerved from the revelations of that Divine Guide which Thou hast commanded to direct me to the truth, and for this I am a sad prostrate and penitent at the foot of Thy throne. I appeal only to the abundance of Thy remissions, O God, my God. For outward things I thank thee, and such as I have I give unto others, in the name of the Trinity, freely and faithfully..... In what Thou hast given me I am content--- I beg no more than Thou hast given, and that to continue me uncontemnedly and upittiedly honest. Take me from myself and fill me but with Thee. Sum up Thy blessings in these two, that I may be rightly good and wise, and these, for Thy eternal truth's sake, grant and make grateful.(Waite, The Real History, et., pp. 444-61)
If the reader will compare this prayer with the acknowledged and unquestioned prayers of Francis Bacon, we are confident that he will not doubt that this is the coinage of the same brain and the expression of the same heart.
Post by Walking Owl on Feb 19, 2010 10:52:49 GMT -5
The New Atlantis describes a group of sailors who are lost at sea and stumble upon an unknown island called 'Bensalem' inhabited by a perfect 'utopian' civilization. They are invited to stay and learn about how this society operates.
On the surface it appears clear that Bacon is attempting to present how society could be if scientific method and technological development were to be optimized to a high standard. Before Bacon's time, scientific research was somewhat haphazard and unsophisticated, it was Bacon's dream that scientists would cooperate and work to certain standards so their work could be understood and added to by other people in their day and generations to come. Bacon helped to make this revolution happen.
The wording and sentence structure of The New Atlantis is similar to many alchemical manuscripts dating from the time it was written. Combined with the fact that Francis Bacon is known to have been interested in alchemy, some people believe that The New Atlantis is itself an alchemical metaphor, containing a secret meaning, hidden in some form of metaphorical code.
We are told that the location of the island is 'north'. This is interestingly the same direction that is always given for Shambhala, the mythical island of immortals described in ancient Tibetan Buddhist texts and Greek mythology (the Greeks called it Hyperborea, which means 'beyond the north wind'). The Rosicrucians themselves (not to be confused with the modern fraternities who have adopted the name) were supposed to be immortal as they possessed the secret of the Philosophers' Stone (some people believe Bacon was one of them and faked his own death.)
John Heydon republished the story under his own name and the title 'A Voyage to the Land of the Rosicrucians', but his version is virtually identical to the original by Francis Bacon.
An Anglo-Sphere is what Rhodes wanted. A world ruled by Brittania. And Brittania ruled by a select group of self conscious elites. Very Elizbethan in a way.
As a secular Gomerist reading history by the light of Bacon's uncanny learning I cannot but agree that the underground mystical current had him as its Philosopher King.
Henry I lost his only heir when the White Ship went down. English history changed at that moment. Upon Henry's death the nation was plunged into civil war and the Welsh regained land. Henry II wanted it back. So it goes.
Post by Walking Owl on Feb 20, 2010 23:35:35 GMT -5
Moving it forward... February 2010 - Project Completion + 2.5 years.
While the world smolders and braces for the great winds of change to fan the tinderbox... the sheep dutifully lies... too paralyzed to even know it's fate.
By Professor Martin Rees Published: 7:00AM GMT 09 Feb 2010
The Royal Society: The unstoppable
As part of our 350th anniversary celebrations the Royal Society asked its fellowship what they saw as the most important questions facing us in the years ahead. We are holding discussion meetings on the "top 10" during the year.
We discussed, last month, the prospects of extra-terrestrial life and what its detection might mean for science and society.
Other issues include stem cell biology, the science of aging, new vaccines, climate change and biological diversity.
Whatever breakthroughs are in store, we can be sure of one thing: there will be a widening gulf between what science enables us to do, and what it's prudent or ethical actually to do.
In respect of (for instance) human reproductive cloning, genetically modified organisms, nanotechnology and robotics, regulation will be called for, on ethical as well as prudential grounds.
A reader of the article replies in the reader comment section...
John on February 10, 2010 at 12:52 PM
The desperately urgent matter of reversing overpopulation in the developing world should be first on the Society's Top 10 list of challenges ahead -- but we fear that politics and not science will banish it from view.